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Reptiles - Kakamega Forest

In total, 61 reptile species are known from Kakamega Forest, Western Kenya. These include 1 turtle species (Pelomedusidae), 24 lizards (Agamidae, 3 spp.; Chamaeleonidae, 5 spp.; Cordylidae, 1 sp.; Gekkonidae, 4 spp.; Lacertidae, 2 spp.; Scincidae, 8 spp.; Varanidae, 1 sp.) and 36 snakes (Atractaspididae, 1 sp.; Colubridae, 23 spp.; Elapidae, 4 spp.; Typhlopidae, 2 spp.; Viperidae, 6 spp.).
During the BIOTA project one agamid species (Agama finchi Böhme et al. 2005) was new described from the vicinities of Kakamega Forest.

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Family  Order by
Scientific name  View options Standard view  Extended view
Localities     
Distribution    Only species with photos 
 61 Entries  


 (please check one or more of the entries listed below to see the details)
    Order Family Scientific name Localities Diet Activity Distribution
1   Squamata Agamidae Acanthocercus atricollis minutus (Klausewitz, 1954) - Buyangu Village
- insects day active north-eastern Africa
2   Squamata Agamidae Agama finchi Böhme et al., 2005 - Malava
- insects day active Kenya
3   Squamata Agamidae Agama kaimosae Lovridge, 1935 - Kaimosi
- insects day active Kenya
4   Squamata Atractaspididae Polemon christyi (Boulenger, 1903) - Kakamega Forest in general
- lizards unknown central to eastern Africa
5   Squamata Chamaeleonidae Chamaeleo (Chamaeleo) gracilis Hallowell, 1854 - Nandis
- insects day active West- to East Africa
6   Squamata Chamaeleonidae Chamaeleo (Chamaeleo) hoehnelii Steindachner, 1891 - vicinity of Kakamega Forest
- insects day active East Africa
7   Squamata Chamaeleonidae Chamaeleo (Chamaeleo) laevigatus Gray, 1863 - vicinity of Kakamega Forest
- insects day active central to eastern Africa
8   Squamata Chamaeleonidae Chamaeleo (Trioceros) ellioti Günther, 1895 - Buyangu Village
- Buyangu forest
- Salazar Circuit
- Isiukhu River
- Liranda Hill
- Kaimosi
- Nandis
- Malava
- Buyangu clearing
- insects day active central to eastern Africa
9 1 Squamata Chamaeleonidae Rhampholeon boulengeri Steindachner, 1911 - Buyangu forest
- Kisere
- insects day active central to eastern Africa
10   Squamata Colubridae Crotaphopeltis hotamboeia (Laurenti, 1768) - Kakamega Forest in general
- amphibians night active central to eastern Africa
11   Squamata Colubridae Dasypeltis atra Sternfeld, 1912 - Buyangu forest
- Kakamega Forest in general
- birds night active central to eastern Africa
12   Squamata Colubridae Dasypeltis scabra (Linnaeus, 1758) - Kaimosi
- birds night active Sub-Saharan Africa
13   Squamata Colubridae Dispholidus typus kivuensis Laurent, 1955 - unknown
- amphibians
- rodents
- birds
- lizards
day active Sub-Saharan Africa
14   Squamata Colubridae Hapsidophrys lineatus Fischer, 1856 - Buyangu forest
- Kakamega Forest in general
- amphibians unknown West- to East Africa
15   Squamata Colubridae Lamprophis fuliginosus (Boie, 1827) - unknown
- rodents night active West- to East Africa
16   Squamata Colubridae Lycophidion capense jacksoni Boulenger, 1893 - Kaimosi
- lizards
- snakes
night active central to eastern Africa
17   Squamata Colubridae Lycophidion depressirostre Laurent, 1968 - Kaimosi
- lizards
- snakes
night active East Africa
18   Squamata Colubridae Lycophidion ornatum Parker, 1936 - Buyangu forest
- lizards night active central to eastern Africa
19   Squamata Colubridae Mehelya capensis savorgnani (Mocquard, 1887) - Kakamega Forest in general
- lizards
- snakes
night active unknown
20   Squamata Colubridae Natriciteres olivacea (Peters, 1854) - Isiukhu River
- amphibians
- fishes
variable, diurnal West- to East Africa
21   Squamata Colubridae Philothamnus battersbyi Loveridge, 1951 - Buyangu Village
- Kakamega Forest in general
- amphibians
- fishes
day active East Africa
22   Squamata Colubridae Philothamnus carinatus (Andersson, 1901) - Kaimosi
- amphibians unknown West- to East Africa
23   Squamata Colubridae Philothamnus heterolepidotus (Günther, 1863) - Yala River
- amphibians day active West- to East Africa
24   Squamata Colubridae Philothamnus hoplogaster (Günther, 1863) - Buyangu Village
- Kakamega Forest in general
- amphibians
- fishes
day active East- to South Africa
25   Squamata Colubridae Philothamnus nitidus loveridgei Laurenti, 1960 - Kakamega Forest in general
- Yala River
- amphibians day active central to eastern Africa
26   Squamata Colubridae Psammophis mossambicus Peters, 1882 - Buyangu Village
- Kakamega Forest in general
- snakes
- lizards
- amphibians
- birds
- rodents
day active East- to South Africa
27   Squamata Colubridae Psammophis phillipsi (Hallowell, 1844) - Buyangu forest
- mammals
- lizards
- amphibians
- birds
day active West- to East Africa
28   Squamata Colubridae Psammophis rukwae Broadley, 1966 - Kaimosi
- reported by Spawls et al. 2002
- lizards
- snakes
day active West- to East Africa
29   Squamata Colubridae Thrasops (Rhamnophis) aethiopissa elgonensis (Loveridge, 1829) - Buyangu forest
- amphibians unknown East Africa
30   Squamata Colubridae Thrasops jacksonii Günther, 1895 - Buyangu forest
- Kakamega Forest in general
- mammals
- lizards
- birds
- amphibians
variable, diurnal central to eastern Africa
31   Squamata Colubridae Toxicodryas blandingii (Hallowell, 1844) - Kakamega Forest in general
- birds
- lizards
- amphibians
- mammals
variable, diurnal West- to East Africa
32   Squamata Colubridae Toxicodryas pulverulenta (Fischer, 1856) - Kaimosi
- rodents
- lizards
night active West- to East Africa
33   Squamata Cordylidae Cordylus anguina tenuior (Günther, 1895) - Kakamega Forest in general
- insects day active middle of Africa
34   Squamata Elapidae Dendroaspis jamesoni kaimosae Loveridge, 1936 - Buyangu forest
- Kakamega Forest in general
- rodents
- birds
night active central to eastern Africa
35   Squamata Elapidae Elapsoidea loveridgei multicincta (Laurenti, 1956) - Buyangu forest
- Kakamega Forest in general
- snakes
- lizards
- amphibians
- rodents
night active central to eastern Africa
36   Squamata Elapidae Naja melanoleuca Hallowell, 1857 - Malava
- Kakamega Forest in general
- amphibians
- fishes
- snakes
- lizards
- mammals
- birds
variable, diurnal Sub-Saharan Africa
37   Squamata Elapidae Pseudohaje goldii (Boulenger, 1895) - Kakamega Forest in general
- amphibians
- fishes
night active West- to East Africa
38   Squamata Gekkonidae Cnemaspis (Ancylodactylus) africana (Werner, 1895) - Buyangu forest
- insects night active East Africa
39   Squamata Gekkonidae Cnemaspis (Ancylodactylus) elgonensis Lovridge, 1935 - Buyangu forest
- insects night active East Africa
40   Squamata Gekkonidae Hemidactylus mabouia (Moreau de Jonnes, 1818) - Buyangu Village
- insects night active Sub-Saharan Africa
41   Squamata Gekkonidae Lygodactylus gutturalis (Bocage, 1873) - Buyangu forest
- Udo´s Campside
- insects variable, diurnal East Africa
42   Squamata Lacertidae Adolfus africanus (Boulenger, 1906) - Buyangu forest
- insects day active central to eastern Africa
43 1 Squamata Lacertidae Adolfus jacksoni (Boulenger, 1899) - Buyangu Village
- Udo´s Campside
- insects day active central to eastern Africa
44   Squamata Scincidae Afroablepharus wahlbergi (Smith, 1849) - Kaimosi
- insects day active East- to South Africa
45   Squamata Scincidae Eumecia anchietae Bocage, 1870 - Buyangu Village
- Salazar Circuit
- insects day active East Africa
46   Squamata Scincidae Feylinia currori Gray, 1845 - Buyangu forest
- insects day active middle of Africa
47   Squamata Scincidae Lygosoma fernandi (Burton, 1836) - Buyangu forest
- insects unknown central to eastern Africa
48   Squamata Scincidae Trachylepis maculilabris (Gray, 1845) - Kaimosi
- insects day active Sub-Saharan Africa
49   Squamata Scincidae Trachylepis megalura (Peters, 1878) - Liranda Hill
- Kaimosi
- insects day active central to southern Africa
50   Squamata Scincidae Trachylepis quinquetaeniata (Lichtenstein, 1823) - Buyangu clearing
- insects day active northern Africa
51 1 Squamata Scincidae Trachylepis striata (Peters, 1844) - Buyangu Village
- Udo´s Campside
- insects day active middle of Africa
52   Squamata Typhlopidae Typhlops angolensis (Bocage, 1866) - Kaimosi
- insects night active central to eastern Africa
53   Squamata Typhlopidae Typhlops lineolatus Jan, 1864 - Buyangu forest
- Udo´s Campside
- insects night active middle of Africa
54 1 Squamata Varanidae Varanus niloticus (Linnaeus, 1766) - reported by Loveridge
- mammals
- gastropods
- fishes
- amphibians
- birds
- insects
day active Sub-Saharan Africa
55   Squamata Viperidae Atheris hispida Laurent, 1955 - Buyangu forest
- Kakamega Forest in general
- gastropods
- amphibians
- rodents
night active central to eastern Africa
56 1 Squamata Viperidae Atheris squamigera (Hallowell, 1854) - Buyangu forest
- Isiukhu River
- Kaimosi
- Buyangu clearing
- Kakamega Forest in general
- lizards
- snakes
- amphibians
- mammals
night active West- to East Africa
57   Squamata Viperidae Bitis gabonica (Duméril, Bibron & Duméril, 1854) - Kakamega Forest in general
- mammals night active central to eastern Africa
58   Squamata Viperidae Bitis nasicornis (Shaw, 1802) - Salazar Circuit
- Isiukhu River
- Kakamega Forest in general
- mammals night active central to eastern Africa
59   Squamata Viperidae Causus lichtensteini (Jan, 1859) - Udo´s Campside
- Kakamega Forest in general
- amphibians variable, diurnal West- to East Africa
60   Squamata Viperidae Causus resimus (Peters, 1862) - Kaimosi
- amphibians variable, diurnal West- to East Africa
61   Testudines Pelomedusidae Pelomedusa subrufa (Bonnaterre, 1789) - Buyangu forest
- insects
- amphibians
- birds
day active Sub-Saharan Africa
 (please check one or more of the entries listed above to see the details)


Literature sources:
  1. Böhme, W.; Wagner, P.; Malonza, P.; Lötters, S. & Köhler, J. (2005). A new species of the Agama agama group (Squamata: Agamidae) from western Kenya, East Africa, with comments on Agama lionotus Boulenger, 1896. Russian Journal of Herpetology, 12(2): 143-150.
  2. Chippaux, J.-P. 2001. Les serpents d´Afrique occidentale et centrale. Èditions de l´IRD, Paris. 292 pp.
  3. Lötters, S.; Wagner, P.; Bwong, B. A.; Schick, S.; Malonza, K. P.; Muchai, V.; Wasonga, D. V.; Veith, M. (2007). A fieldguide to the amphibians and reptiles of the Kakamega Forest / Amfibia na reptilia wanaopatikana msitu wa Kakamega. National Museums of Kenya and University of Mainz, Nairobi and Mainz, 112 pp. ISBN 978-3-00-021841-5
  4. Spawls, S., K. Howell, R. C. Drewes, J. Ashe (2002). A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, London, 543 pp.
  5. Wagner, P. & W. Böhme (2007). Herpetofauna Kakamegensis – The amphibians and reptiles of Kakamega Forest, western Kenya. Bonner Zool. Beitr., 55(2): 123-150.
  6. Wagner, P.; Köhler, J.; Schmitz, A.; Böhme, W. (2008). The biogeographical assignment of a west Kenyan rain forest remnant: further evidence from analysis of its reptile fauna. Journal of Biogeography (2008) 35, 1349–1361.
Contact:
E-Mail to Philipp Wagner: philipp.wagner.zfmk@uni-bonn.de
E-Mail to Dr. Stefan Lötters: loetters@uni-trier.de