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Presentation Oral presentation
Title Approaches to reconcile biodiversity conservation with the need to improve rural livelihoods

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Short title Biodiversity and Rural Livelihoods

Author(s) Becker, M.(1); Gaesing, K.(2); Kappel, R.(3); Mussgnug, F.(4); Rietdorf, U.(5); Schmidt-Kallert, E.(6); Wünscher, T.(7)

Presenting author Gaesing, Karin

Institution(s) (1) ARTS, University of Bonn; (2) SPRING, University of Dortmund; (3) GIGA Hamburg; (4) sept, University of Leipzig; (5) ZEF Bonn

Keywords Biodiversity; rural livelihoods; alternative income opportunities; carrying capacity; community participation

Abstract A large share of the income and subsistence of the rural households around Kakamega Forest stems from forest resources: firewood, grazing ground for cattle, timber, charcoal, medicinal plants and others. Departing from this current situation of rural households, which is reflected against the situation in Kakamega District, strategies and policy recommendations are presented to reach an ideal situation in which households gain sufficient income and at the same time conserve Kakamega Forest and its rich biodiversity. Among these strategies are: identification of and support mechanisms for alternative income opportunities, intensification and diversification of agriculture, participatory methods to reconcile forest management and community needs, enhancing local self-help capacity with regard to biodiversity conservation and alternative income opportunities. A model to reconcile biodiversity conservation and sustainable livelihoods represents a synthesis of the elaborated strategies and policies.

Congress Topic Interventions

Topic No. 4.7
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Ref. No. 571