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Title Cotton production and biodiversity in Benin and Burkina Faso:, small farmers options, policies and impact on environment

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Short title Cotton economics and biodiversity in Benin and Burkina Faso

Author(s) Palmantier, A.(1); Kirk, M.(1); Senghor, A.(2); Degla, P.(3)

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Institution(s) (1) Institute for Co-operation in Developing Countries, University of Marburg; (2) UFR/ Sciences Economiques et de Gestion, Laboratoire d'Economie de l'Environnement et de la Socioéconométrie, Université de Ouagadougou; (3) Université de Parakou, Benin

Keywords Cotton policies; small farm development; environmental impact

Abstract Based on a combined micro-economic and micro-level approach, the decision making and farm management reactions of small cotton producers on cotton-related national policies in Northern Benin and Burkina-Faso are analyzed. The valuable contribution of mathematical modelling approaches (programming, bio-economic modelling) to understand the impacts of policy and technological change on rural income generation and natural environment will be shown. Links to the assessment of biocide residues in adjacent areas as a result of intensified cotton production and the impact of cotton field encroachment as well as biotope fragmentation will be identified.

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