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Ants - Kakamega Forest

The presented species list was generated on the basis of material collected in the Kakamega Forest between 1999 and 2009 and deposited in the collections of the Zoological Research Museum Koenig, Bonn, the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Los Angeles, the National Museums of Kenya, Nairobi, and the California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco. The examined material was sampled using different sampling methods in all habitats of the Kakamega Forest. The observed ant fauna comprises 11 subfamilies with 55 genera and 320 species which is the highest species richness reported from the Afrotropical zoogeographical region so far. The observed ant fauna can be divided into a group of forest specialists with approximately 200 species and another group, which consists of about 110 species, of open habitat specialists found in glades, openings, grasslands, and hill tops. Only a minority of species were found to be habitat generalists. It has to be emphasised that the taxonomic inventory for the ants of the Kakamega Forest is still in progress and additional species are expected.


Google EarthShow locality in Google Earth  Contact: Francisco Hita Garcia f.hita.zfmk@uni-bonn.de / Georg Fischer georg.fischer@gmx.de    Literature sources

Family  Formicidae Order by
Subfamily View options Standard view  Extended view
Scientific name    Only species with a weblink () to photos 
Genus     (The weblink redirects to the AntWeb - Website.)
 320 Entries  


 (please check one or more of the entries listed below to see the details)
  Ant-ID Subfamily Genus Scientific name Habitat Microhabitat Remarks
Ant_2   Aenictinae Aenictus Aenictus decolor (Mayr, 1879) open habitat subterranean army ants
Ant_1 AntWeb Aenictinae Aenictus Aenictus eugenii Emery, 1895 open habitat subterranean army ants
Ant_3   Aenictinae Aenictus Aenictus rotundatus Mayr, 1901 open habitat subterranean army ants
Ant_4   Aenictinae Aenictus Aenictus sp. FHG 3 n.a. subterranean male only
Ant_5   Aenictinae Aenictus Aenictus sp. FHG 4 n.a. subterranean male only
Ant_6   Aenictogitoninae Aenictogiton Aenictogiton sp. FHG 1 n.a. n.a. male only, first East African record for the genus
Ant_7 AntWeb Cerapachyinae Cerapachys Cerapachys foreli (Santschi, 1914) forest leaf litter
Ant_8 AntWeb Cerapachyinae Cerapachys Cerapachys kenyensis Consani, 1951 forest leaf litter
Ant_10   Cerapachyinae Cerapachys Cerapachys nitidulus Brown, 1975 forest leaf litter
Ant_9 AntWeb Cerapachyinae Cerapachys Cerapachys nkomoensis (Forel, 1916) forest leaf litter
Ant_12   Cerapachyinae Cerapachys Cerapachys sp. GF 1 forest leaf litter
Ant_13   Cerapachyinae Cerapachys Cerapachys sp. GF 2 forest leaf litter
Ant_11 AntWeb Cerapachyinae Cerapachys Cerapachys vespula (Weber, 1949) forest leaf litter
Ant_331   Cerapachyinae Simopone Simopone conradti Emery, 1899 forest canopy
Ant_332   Cerapachyinae Simopone Simopone grandis Santschi, 1923 forest canopy
Ant_14 AntWeb Cerapachyinae Simopone Simopone schoutedeni Santschi, 1923 forest canopy
Ant_15   Cerapachyinae Sphinctomyrmex Sphinctomyrmex sp. nov. (FHG 1) forest canopy
Ant_16   Cerapachyinae Sphinctomyrmex Sphinctomyrmex sp. nov. (FHG 2) forest canopy
Ant_17   Dolichoderinae Axinidris Axinidris acholli Weber, 1941 forest canopy
Ant_19 AntWeb Dolichoderinae Axinidris Axinidris hypoclinoides (Santschi, 1919) forest canopy
Ant_20   Dolichoderinae Axinidris Axinidris icipe Snelling 2007 forest canopy endemic in Kakamega
Ant_21   Dolichoderinae Axinidris Axinidris kakamegensis Shattuck, 1991 forest canopy endemic in Kakamega
Ant_22 AntWeb Dolichoderinae Axinidris Axinidris luhya Snelling 2007 forest canopy endemic in Kakamega
Ant_23 AntWeb Dolichoderinae Axinidris Axinidris murielae Shattuck, 1991 forest canopy
Ant_24   Dolichoderinae Axinidris Axinidris okekai Snelling 2007 forest canopy endemic in Kakamega
Ant_18 AntWeb Dolichoderinae Axinidris Axinidrisbidens Shattuck, 1991 forest canopy
Ant_25   Dolichoderinae Tapinoma Tapinoma sp. FHG 1 forest canopy
Ant_26 AntWeb Dolichoderinae Technomyrmex Technomyrmex andrei Emery, 1899 forest leaf litter
Ant_27 AntWeb Dolichoderinae Technomyrmex Technomyrmex camerunensis Emery, 1899 forest leaf litter, vegetation
Ant_28 AntWeb Dolichoderinae Technomyrmex Technomyrmex ilgi (Forel, 1910) open habitat ground, vegetation
Ant_29 AntWeb Dolichoderinae Technomyrmex Technomyrmex moerens Santschi, 1913 forest ground, vegetation, canopy
Ant_30 AntWeb Dolichoderinae Technomyrmex Technomyrmex nigriventris Santschi, 1910 forest leaf litter, vegetation
Ant_31 AntWeb Dolichoderinae Technomyrmex Technomyrmex pallipes (Smith, F., 1876) generalist ground, vegetation, canopy
Ant_33   Dolichoderinae Technomyrmex Technomyrmex sp. FHG 5 open habitat ground
Ant_32 AntWeb Dolichoderinae Technomyrmex Technomyrmex voeltzkowi (Forel, 1907) open habitat ground
Ant_36   Dorylinae Dorylus Dorylus affinis Shuckard, 1840 open habitat subterranean army ants
Ant_37   Dorylinae Dorylus Dorylus braunsi Emery, 1895 open habitat subterranean army ants
Ant_298   Dorylinae Dorylus Dorylus cf. atriceps Shuckard, 1840 n.a. n.a. army ants, male only
Ant_38   Dorylinae Dorylus Dorylus conradti Emery, 1895 open habitat subterranean army ants
Ant_39   Dorylinae Dorylus Dorylus fimbriatus (Shuckard, 1840) open habitat subterranean army ants
Ant_40   Dorylinae Dorylus Dorylus fulvus (Westwood, 1839) open habitat subterranean army ants
Ant_41 AntWeb Dorylinae Dorylus Dorylus helvolus Linnaeus 1764 open habitat subterranean army ants, male only
Ant_42   Dorylinae Dorylus Dorylus kohli Wasmann, 1904 generalist subterranean, leaf litter, ground army ants
Ant_43 AntWeb Dorylinae Dorylus Dorylus nigricans molestus (GerstŠcker, 1859) forest leaf litter, ground army ants
Ant_300   Dorylinae Dorylus Dorylus sp. FHG 1 army ants, male only
Ant_299   Dorylinae Dorylus Dorylus staudingeri Emery, 1895 n.a. n.a. army ants, male only
Ant_44 AntWeb Dorylinae Dorylus Dorylus wilverthi Emery, 1899 forest leaf litter, ground army ants
Ant_45 AntWeb Formicinae Acropyga Acropyga silvestrii Emery, 1915 forest leaf litter
Ant_46 AntWeb Formicinae Camponotus Camponotus bayeri Forel, 1913 open habitat ground nests found in termite mounds
Ant_47   Formicinae Camponotus Camponotus brutus Forel, 1886 forest vegetation, canopy
Ant_48   Formicinae Camponotus Camponotus chrysurus GerstŠcker, 1871 forest vegetation, canopy
Ant_301   Formicinae Camponotus Camponotus erinaceus Gerstaecker, 1871 open habitat ground, vegetation
Ant_49   Formicinae Camponotus Camponotus flavomarginatus Mayr, 1862 open habitat ground, vegetation nests found in termite mounds
Ant_50   Formicinae Camponotus Camponotus foraminosus Forel, 1879 open habitat ground, vegetation, canopy
Ant_51 AntWeb Formicinae Camponotus Camponotus maculatus (Fabricius, 1782) open habitat ground, vegetation
Ant_52   Formicinae Camponotus Camponotus perrisii Forel, 1886 open habitat ground nests found in termite mounds
Ant_53   Formicinae Camponotus Camponotus pompeius Forel, 1886 forest canopy
Ant_55 AntWeb Formicinae Camponotus Camponotus rubripes (Latreille, 1802) forest n.a.
Ant_54   Formicinae Camponotus Camponotus rufoglaucus Jerdon, 1851 open habitat ground, vegetation nests found in termite mounds
Ant_56 AntWeb Formicinae Camponotus Camponotus sericeus (Fabricius, 1798) open habitat ground, vegetation
Ant_57   Formicinae Camponotus Camponotus solon Forel, 1886 forest canopy
Ant_61   Formicinae Camponotus Camponotus sp. FHG 10 open habitat ground, vegetation
Ant_62   Formicinae Camponotus Camponotus sp. FHG 11 open habitat ground, vegetation
Ant_59   Formicinae Camponotus Camponotus sp. FHG 2 open habitat ground, vegetation
Ant_63   Formicinae Camponotus Camponotus sp. FHG 20 open habitat ground, vegetation
Ant_64   Formicinae Camponotus Camponotus sp. FHG 21 forest vegetation
Ant_65   Formicinae Camponotus Camponotus sp. FHG 23 forest leaf litter
Ant_60   Formicinae Camponotus Camponotus sp. FHG 4 open habitat ground, vegetation
Ant_58   Formicinae Camponotus Camponotus vividus Smith, F., 1858 open habitat ground, vegetation
Ant_66   Formicinae Lepisiota Lepisiota canescens (Emery, 1897) open habitat ground, vegetation
Ant_68   Formicinae Lepisiota Lepisiota capensis anceps Forel 1916 open habitat ground, vegetation
Ant_67   Formicinae Lepisiota Lepisiota capensis capensis (Mayr, 1862) open habitat ground, vegetation
Ant_69   Formicinae Lepisiota Lepisiota capensis guineensis (Mayr, 1902) open habitat ground, vegetation
Ant_70   Formicinae Lepisiota Lepisiota crinita (Mayr, 1895) n.a. n.a.
Ant_302   Formicinae Lepisiota Lepisiota sp. FHG 10 open habitat ground, vegetation
Ant_303   Formicinae Lepisiota Lepisiota sp. FHG 11 forest canopy
Ant_304   Formicinae Lepisiota Lepisiota sp. FHG 12 open habitat ground, vegetation
Ant_71   Formicinae Lepisiota Lepisiota sp. FHG 3 forest ground, vegetation
Ant_72   Formicinae Lepisiota Lepisiota sp. FHG 4 forest canopy
Ant_73   Formicinae Lepisiota Lepisiota sp. FHG 5 open habitat ground, vegetation
Ant_74   Formicinae Lepisiota Lepisiota sp. FHG 6 forest canopy
Ant_75   Formicinae Lepisiota Lepisiota sp. FHG 8 n.a. n.a.
Ant_78   Formicinae Nylanderia Nylanderia sp. FHG 1 open habitat ground
Ant_79   Formicinae Nylanderia Nylanderia sp. jsln006a forest leaf litter
Ant_77 AntWeb Formicinae Paratrechina Paraparatrechina brunella LaPolla & Cheng, 2010 open habitat ground
Ant_76 AntWeb Formicinae Paratrechina Paraparatrechina umbranatis LaPolla & Cheng, 2010 forest leaf litter
Ant_87 AntWeb Formicinae Pseudolasius Paraparatrechina weissi (Santschi, 1910) forest leaf litter
Ant_80 AntWeb Formicinae Phasmomyrmex Phasmomyrmex sp. FHG 1 forest canopy
Ant_305   Formicinae Plagiolepis Plagiolepis brunni Mayr, 1895 forest vegetation, canopy
Ant_81   Formicinae Plagiolepis Plagiolepis decora Santschi, 1914 forest vegetation, canopy
Ant_82   Formicinae Plagiolepis Plagiolepis sp. FHG 1 forest canopy
Ant_84 AntWeb Formicinae Polyrhachis Polyrhachis latispina Emery, 1925 forest canopy
Ant_85 AntWeb Formicinae Polyrhachis Polyrhachis lestoni Bolton, 1973 forest canopy
Ant_83 AntWeb Formicinae Polyrhachis Polyrhachis militaris (Fabricius, 1782) forest canopy
Ant_86   Formicinae Polyrhachis Polyrhachis schistacea (GerstŠcker, 1859) open habitat ground, vegetation
Ant_306   Formicinae Polyrhachis Polyrhachis sp. FHG 1 open habitat ground, vegetation
Ant_88   Leptanillinae Leptanilla Leptanilla sp. nov. (FHG 1) forest leaf litter first East African record for the genus
Ant_90 AntWeb Myrmicinae Atopomyrmex Atopomyrmex mocquerysi Andre, 1889 forest canopy
Ant_91 AntWeb Myrmicinae Calyptomyrmex Calyptomyrmex brunneus Arnold, 1948 forest leaf litter
Ant_307   Myrmicinae Calyptomyrmex Calyptomyrmex clavatus Weber, 1952 forest leaf litter
Ant_92   Myrmicinae Calyptomyrmex Calyptomyrmex duhun Bolton, 1981 forest leaf litter
Ant_308   Myrmicinae Calyptomyrmex Calyptomyrmex foreli Emery, 1915 forest leaf litter
Ant_93 AntWeb Myrmicinae Calyptomyrmex Calyptomyrmex piripilis Santschi, 1923 forest leaf litter
Ant_94   Myrmicinae Calyptomyrmex Calyptomyrmex tensus Bolton, 1981 forest leaf litter
Ant_95 AntWeb Myrmicinae Cardiocondyla Cardiocondyla emeryi Forel, 1881 open habitat ground
Ant_97   Myrmicinae Cardiocondyla Cardiocondyla sp. FHG 3 open habitat ground
Ant_96 AntWeb Myrmicinae Cardiocondyla Cardiocondyla sp. GF 1 open habitat ground
Ant_98 AntWeb Myrmicinae Carebara Carebara distincta (Bolton & Belshaw, 1993) forest leaf litter
Ant_99   Myrmicinae Carebara Carebara elmenteitae (Patrizi, 1948) forest leaf litter
Ant_100   Myrmicinae Carebara Carebara polita (Santschi, 1914) generalist leaf litter, ground
Ant_101   Myrmicinae Carebara Carebara rara (Bolton & Belshaw, 1993) forest leaf litter
Ant_103   Myrmicinae Carebara Carebara sp. GF 4 forest leaf litter
Ant_104   Myrmicinae Carebara Carebara sp. GF 5 forest leaf litter
Ant_105   Myrmicinae Carebara Carebara sp. GF 6 open habitat ground
Ant_106   Myrmicinae Carebara Carebara sp. GF 7 n.a. n.a.
Ant_107   Myrmicinae Carebara Carebara sp. GF 8 open habitat ground
Ant_108   Myrmicinae Carebara Carebara sp. GF 9 generalist ground
Ant_102   Myrmicinae Carebara Carebara thoracica (Weber, 1950) forest leaf litter
Ant_111   Myrmicinae Cataulacus Cataulacus brevisetosus Forel, 1901 forest vegetation, canopy
Ant_112 AntWeb Myrmicinae Cataulacus Cataulacus egenus Santschi, 1911 forest vegetation, canopy
Ant_113 AntWeb Myrmicinae Cataulacus Cataulacus intrudens (Smith, F., 1876) forest vegetation, canopy
Ant_309   Myrmicinae Cataulacus Cataulacus jeanneli Santschi 1914 forest vegetation, canopy
Ant_114 AntWeb Myrmicinae Cataulacus Cataulacus lujae Forel, 1911 forest vegetation, canopy
Ant_310   Myrmicinae Cataulacus Cataulacus moloch Bolton, 1982 forest vegetation, canopy
Ant_115   Myrmicinae Cataulacus Cataulacus pullus Santschi, 1910 forest vegetation, canopy
Ant_116 AntWeb Myrmicinae Cataulacus Cataulacus striativentris Santschi, 1924 forest vegetation, canopy
Ant_311   Myrmicinae Cataulacus Cataulacus tardus Santschi, 1914 forest vegetation, canopy
Ant_117   Myrmicinae Cataulacus Cataulacus traegaordhi Santschi, 1914 forest vegetation, canopy
Ant_118   Myrmicinae Cataulacus Cataulacus vorticus Bolton, 1974 forest vegetation, canopy
Ant_119 AntWeb Myrmicinae Crematogaster Crematogaster africana Mayr, 1895 forest vegetation, canopy
Ant_120   Myrmicinae Crematogaster Crematogaster clariventris Mayr, 1895 forest vegetation, canopy
Ant_121   Myrmicinae Crematogaster Crematogaster concava Emery, 1899 forest vegetation, canopy
Ant_122   Myrmicinae Crematogaster Crematogaster gabonensis Emery, 1899 forest vegetation, canopy
Ant_123   Myrmicinae Crematogaster Crematogaster gambiensis AndrŽ, 1889 forest vegetation, canopy
Ant_124   Myrmicinae Crematogaster Crematogaster litoralis Arnold, 1955 open habitat n.a.
Ant_125   Myrmicinae Crematogaster Crematogaster rugosa AndrŽ, 1895 forest vegetation, canopy
Ant_129   Myrmicinae Crematogaster Crematogaster sp. FHG 1 open habitat n.a.
Ant_134   Myrmicinae Crematogaster Crematogaster sp. FHG 10 open habitat n.a.
Ant_135   Myrmicinae Crematogaster Crematogaster sp. FHG 11 forest vegetation, canopy
Ant_312   Myrmicinae Crematogaster Crematogaster sp. FHG 15 forest n.a.
Ant_313   Myrmicinae Crematogaster Crematogaster sp. FHG 16 forest n.a.
Ant_314   Myrmicinae Crematogaster Crematogaster sp. FHG 17 forest n.a.
Ant_130   Myrmicinae Crematogaster Crematogaster sp. FHG 4 forest ground, vegetation, canopy
Ant_131   Myrmicinae Crematogaster Crematogaster sp. FHG 7 forest leaf litter, ground
Ant_132   Myrmicinae Crematogaster Crematogaster sp. FHG 8 open habitat ground, vegetation
Ant_133   Myrmicinae Crematogaster Crematogaster sp. FHG 9 forest vegetation, canopy
Ant_126   Myrmicinae Crematogaster Crematogaster stadelmanni Mayr, 1895 forest vegetation, canopy
Ant_127   Myrmicinae Crematogaster Crematogaster striatula Emery, 1892 forest vegetation, canopy
Ant_128   Myrmicinae Crematogaster Crematogaster wellmani Forel, 1909 forest vegetation, canopy
Ant_136 AntWeb Myrmicinae Cyphoidris Cyphoidris spinosa Weber, 1952 forest leaf litter
Ant_137 AntWeb Myrmicinae Decamorium Decamorium decem (Forel, 1913) open habitat ground
Ant_139 AntWeb Myrmicinae Melissotarsus Melissotarsus emeryi Forel, 1907 forest canopy
Ant_140 AntWeb Myrmicinae Melissotarsus Melissotarsus weissi Santschi, 1910 forest canopy
Ant_138   Myrmicinae Meranoplus Meranoplus inermis Emery 1895 generalist leaf litter, ground
Ant_315   Myrmicinae Messor Messor angularis Santschi, 1928 open habitat ground
Ant_143 AntWeb Myrmicinae Microdaceton Microdaceton tibialis Weber, 1952 forest leaf litter
Ant_144   Myrmicinae Monomorium Monomorium afrum AndrŽ, 1884 open habitat ground
Ant_145   Myrmicinae Monomorium Monomorium arboreum Weber, 1943 forest leaf litter
Ant_146 AntWeb Myrmicinae Monomorium Monomorium bicolor Emery, 1877 open habitat ground
Ant_147 AntWeb Myrmicinae Monomorium Monomorium cryptobium (Santschi, 1921) forest leaf litter
Ant_148 AntWeb Myrmicinae Monomorium Monomorium draxocum Bolton,1987 forest leaf litter
Ant_149   Myrmicinae Monomorium Monomorium elgonense (Santschi, 1935) forest leaf litter
Ant_150 AntWeb Myrmicinae Monomorium Monomorium hanneli Forel, 1907 forest leaf litter, ground
Ant_151   Myrmicinae Monomorium Monomorium iyenasu Bolton, 1987 open habitat ground
Ant_152 AntWeb Myrmicinae Monomorium Monomorium madecassum Forel, 1892 open habitat ground
Ant_153   Myrmicinae Monomorium Monomorium malatu Bolton, 1987 open habitat ground
Ant_154   Myrmicinae Monomorium Monomorium mictile Forel, 1910 open habitat ground
Ant_155   Myrmicinae Monomorium Monomorium paternum Bolton, 1987 open habitat ground
Ant_156 AntWeb Myrmicinae Monomorium Monomorium pharaonis (Linnaeus, 1758) open habitat ground, vegetation
Ant_157 AntWeb Myrmicinae Monomorium Monomorium robustior Forel, 1892 open habitat ground
Ant_158 AntWeb Myrmicinae Monomorium Monomorium rosae Santschi, 1920 open habitat ground
Ant_159   Myrmicinae Monomorium Monomorium rotundatum Santschi, 1920 open habitat ground
Ant_161   Myrmicinae Monomorium Monomorium sp. GF 17 forest leaf litter, canopy
Ant_162   Myrmicinae Monomorium Monomorium sp. GF 21 forest leaf litter
Ant_160   Myrmicinae Monomorium Monomorium spectrum Bolton, 1987 forest leaf litter, ground
Ant_163   Myrmicinae Myrmicaria Myrmicaria natelensis eumenoides (GerstŠcker, 1859) open habitat ground, vegetation, canopy
Ant_164   Myrmicinae Myrmicaria Myrmicaria opaciventris Emery, 1893 open habitat ground, vegetation, canopy
Ant_141 AntWeb Myrmicinae Nesomyrmex Nesomyrmex cataulacoides Snelling, 1992 forest canopy
Ant_142 AntWeb Myrmicinae Nesomyrmex Nesomyrmex evelynae (Forel, 1916) forest canopy
Ant_165   Myrmicinae Pheidole Pheidole aurivillii Mayr, 1896 open habitat ground
Ant_171   Myrmicinae Pheidole Pheidole crassinoda Emery, 1895 generalist leaf litter, ground
Ant_166 AntWeb Myrmicinae Pheidole Pheidole megacephala (Fabricius, 1793) open habitat ground
Ant_169   Myrmicinae Pheidole Pheidole nigeriensis Santschi, 1914 open habitat ground
Ant_172   Myrmicinae Pheidole Pheidole prelli Forel, 1911 open habitat ground
Ant_167   Myrmicinae Pheidole Pheidole pulchella Santschi, 1910 forest leaf litter, ground
Ant_176   Myrmicinae Pheidole Pheidole sp. FHG 12 forest leaf litter, ground
Ant_177   Myrmicinae Pheidole Pheidole sp. FHG 15 forest ground, vegetation, canopy
Ant_178   Myrmicinae Pheidole Pheidole sp. FHG 18 open habitat ground, vegetation
Ant_179   Myrmicinae Pheidole Pheidole sp. FHG 19 open habitat ground
Ant_180   Myrmicinae Pheidole Pheidole sp. FHG 20 open habitat ground
Ant_181   Myrmicinae Pheidole Pheidole sp. FHG 21 open habitat ground
Ant_173   Myrmicinae Pheidole Pheidole sp. FHG 3 forest leaf litter, ground
Ant_174   Myrmicinae Pheidole Pheidole sp. FHG 7 forest leaf litter
Ant_175   Myrmicinae Pheidole Pheidole sp. FHG 9 forest leaf litter, ground
Ant_316   Myrmicinae Pheidole Pheidole sp. GF 10 open habitat ground
Ant_317   Myrmicinae Pheidole Pheidole sp. GF 22 open habitat ground
Ant_168 AntWeb Myrmicinae Pheidole Pheidole speculifera Emery, 1877 forest leaf litter, ground
Ant_182 AntWeb Myrmicinae Pristomyrmex Pristomyrmex africanus Karavaiev, 1931 forest leaf litter
Ant_183 AntWeb Myrmicinae Pyramica Pyramica bellatrix Bolton, 2000 forest leaf litter
Ant_184 AntWeb Myrmicinae Pyramica Pyramica cavinasis (Brown, 1950) forest leaf litter
Ant_185 AntWeb Myrmicinae Pyramica Pyramica concolor (Santschi, 1914) generalist leaf litter
Ant_187 AntWeb Myrmicinae Pyramica Pyramica geoterra (Bolton, 1983) forest leaf litter
Ant_186 AntWeb Myrmicinae Pyramica Pyramica hensekta (Bolton, 1983) forest leaf litter
Ant_188 AntWeb Myrmicinae Pyramica Pyramica ludovici (Forel, 1904) forest leaf litter
Ant_189 AntWeb Myrmicinae Pyramica Pyramica lujae (Forel, 1902) generalist leaf litter
Ant_190 AntWeb Myrmicinae Pyramica Pyramica minkara (Bolton, 1983) forest leaf litter
Ant_191 AntWeb Myrmicinae Pyramica Pyramica serrula (Santschi, 1910) generalist leaf litter
Ant_318 AntWeb Myrmicinae Pyramica Pyramica simoni (Emery, 1895) forest canopy
Ant_319   Myrmicinae Pyramica Pyramica sp. GF 17 forest leaf litter
Ant_320   Myrmicinae Pyramica Pyramica sp. GF 18 forest leaf litter
Ant_195   Myrmicinae Pyramica Pyramica sp. nov. (GF 9) forest leaf litter
Ant_192 AntWeb Myrmicinae Pyramica Pyramica sulumana (Bolton, 1983) forest n.a.
Ant_193   Myrmicinae Pyramica Pyramica tetragnatha Taylor, 1966 forest leaf litter
Ant_194 AntWeb Myrmicinae Pyramica Pyramica thuvida (Bolton, 1983) forest leaf litter
Ant_196   Myrmicinae Rhoptromyrmex Rhoptromyrmex opacus Forel, 1909 open habitat ground
Ant_197 AntWeb Myrmicinae Rhoptromyrmex Rhoptromyrmex transversinodis Mayr, 1901 open habitat ground
Ant_198   Myrmicinae Solenopsis Solenopsis punctaticeps Mayr, 1865 open habitat subterranean, ground
Ant_199   Myrmicinae Solenopsis Solenopsis sp. FHG 2 open habitat subterranean, ground
Ant_200   Myrmicinae Strumigenys Strumigenys arnoldi Forel, 1913 open habitat subterranean, ground
Ant_201 AntWeb Myrmicinae Strumigenys Strumigenys cacaoensis Bolton, 1983 forest canopy
Ant_202   Myrmicinae Strumigenys Strumigenys dextra Brown, 1954 forest leaf litter
Ant_203   Myrmicinae Strumigenys Strumigenys katapelta Bolton,1983 forest leaf litter
Ant_204   Myrmicinae Strumigenys Strumigenys korahyla Bolton, 1983 forest leaf litter
Ant_205 AntWeb Myrmicinae Strumigenys Strumigenys petiolata Bernard, 1953 forest leaf litter, ground
Ant_206 AntWeb Myrmicinae Strumigenys Strumigenys rukha Bolton, 1983 forest leaf litter
Ant_208   Myrmicinae Strumigenys Strumigenys sp. GF 3 forest leaf litter
Ant_209   Myrmicinae Strumigenys Strumigenys sp. GF 7 open habitat ground
Ant_207 AntWeb Myrmicinae Strumigenys Strumigenys tetraphanes Brown, 1954 open habitat subterranean, ground
Ant_210   Myrmicinae Tetramorium Tetramorium aculeatum (Mayr, 1866) forest canopy
Ant_211 AntWeb Myrmicinae Tetramorium Tetramorium brevispinosum (Stitz, 1910) generalist leaf litter, ground
Ant_212 AntWeb Myrmicinae Tetramorium Tetramorium caldarium (Roger, 1857) open habitat ground
Ant_214   Myrmicinae Tetramorium Tetramorium cristatum Stitz, 1910 open habitat leaf litter, ground
Ant_321   Myrmicinae Tetramorium Tetramorium dedefra Bolton, 1976 forest leaf litter
Ant_215 AntWeb Myrmicinae Tetramorium Tetramorium delagoense Forel, 1894 forest leaf litter, ground
Ant_216   Myrmicinae Tetramorium Tetramorium dumezi Menozzi, 1942 forest canopy
Ant_217   Myrmicinae Tetramorium Tetramorium edouardi Forel 1894 open habitat ground
Ant_218 AntWeb Myrmicinae Tetramorium Tetramorium eminii (Forel, 1894) open habitat ground
Ant_219   Myrmicinae Tetramorium Tetramorium gazense Arnold, 1958 open habitat ground
Ant_220   Myrmicinae Tetramorium Tetramorium kestrum Bolton, 1980 open habitat ground
Ant_221   Myrmicinae Tetramorium Tetramorium laevithorax Emery, 1895 open habitat ground
Ant_222   Myrmicinae Tetramorium Tetramorium lucayanum Wheeler, W.M., 1905 forest leaf litter, ground
Ant_223   Myrmicinae Tetramorium Tetramorium metactum Bolton, 1980 forest canopy
Ant_224 AntWeb Myrmicinae Tetramorium Tetramorium nodiferum (Emery, 1901) open habitat ground
Ant_225 AntWeb Myrmicinae Tetramorium Tetramorium pinnipilum Bolton, 1980 forest leaf litter, ground
Ant_226 AntWeb Myrmicinae Tetramorium Tetramorium pullulum Santschi, 1924 forest leaf litter, ground
Ant_227   Myrmicinae Tetramorium Tetramorium quadridentatum Stitz, 1910 forest canopy
Ant_228 AntWeb Myrmicinae Tetramorium Tetramorium sericeiventre Emery, 1877 open habitat ground
Ant_229   Myrmicinae Tetramorium Tetramorium setigerum Mayr, 1901 open habitat ground
Ant_230   Myrmicinae Tetramorium Tetramorium snellingi Hita Garcia, Fischer & Peters, 2010 forest leaf litter
Ant_235   Myrmicinae Tetramorium Tetramorium sp. FHG 21 forest canopy
Ant_238   Myrmicinae Tetramorium Tetramorium sp. FHG 42 open habitat ground
Ant_239   Myrmicinae Tetramorium Tetramorium sp. FHG 43 forest canopy
Ant_240   Myrmicinae Tetramorium Tetramorium sp. nov. (FHG 1) forest leaf litter description in work
Ant_242   Myrmicinae Tetramorium Tetramorium sp. nov. (FHG 11) forest canopy endemic in Kakamega
Ant_323   Myrmicinae Tetramorium Tetramorium sp. nov. (FHG 12) forest ground
Ant_243   Myrmicinae Tetramorium Tetramorium sp. nov. (FHG 14) forest canopy endemic in Kakamega
Ant_244   Myrmicinae Tetramorium Tetramorium sp. nov. (FHG 27) open habitat ground endemic in Kakamega
Ant_245   Myrmicinae Tetramorium Tetramorium sp. nov. (FHG 34) forest canopy endemic in Kakamega
Ant_248   Myrmicinae Tetramorium Tetramorium sp. nov. (FHG 39) forest leaf litter endemic in Kakamega
Ant_249   Myrmicinae Tetramorium Tetramorium sp. nov. (FHG 40) forest leaf litter description in work
Ant_324   Myrmicinae Tetramorium Tetramorium sp. nov. (FHG 44) forest ground
Ant_325   Myrmicinae Tetramorium Tetramorium sp. nov. (FHG 45) forest leaf litter description in work
Ant_326   Myrmicinae Tetramorium Tetramorium sp. nov. (FHG 46) forest leaf litter
Ant_327   Myrmicinae Tetramorium Tetramorium sp. nov. (FHG 47) open habitat ground
Ant_241   Myrmicinae Tetramorium Tetramorium sp. nov. (FHG 7) forest leaf litter description in work
Ant_231 AntWeb Myrmicinae Tetramorium Tetramorium viticola Weber, 1943 forest canopy
Ant_232 AntWeb Myrmicinae Tetramorium Tetramorium weitzeckeri Emery, 1895 open habitat ground
Ant_322   Myrmicinae Tetramorium Tetramorium zambezium Santschi, 1939 forest leaf litter
Ant_233   Myrmicinae Tetramorium Tetramorium zonacaciae (Weber, 1943) open habitat ground
Ant_250 AntWeb Ponerinae Anochetus Anochetus africanus (Mayr, 1865) open habitat ground
Ant_251 AntWeb Ponerinae Anochetus Anochetus bequaerti Forel, 1913 forest leaf litter
Ant_252 AntWeb Ponerinae Anochetus Anochetus katonae Forel, 1907 forest leaf litter
Ant_253   Ponerinae Anochetus Anochetus maynei Forel, 1913 forest leaf litter
Ant_254 AntWeb Ponerinae Anochetus Anochetus pellucidus Emery, 1902 forest canopy
Ant_328   Ponerinae Anochetus Anochetus sp. GF 6 open habitat ground
Ant_255 AntWeb Ponerinae Centromyrmex Centromyrmex sellaris Mayr, 1896 open habitat subterranean
Ant_256   Ponerinae Hypoponera Hypoponera angustata (Santschi, 1914) forest leaf litter
Ant_257   Ponerinae Hypoponera Hypoponera cammerunensis (Santschi, 1914) forest leaf litter
Ant_258   Ponerinae Hypoponera Hypoponera dulcis (Forel, 1907) forest leaf litter
Ant_259   Ponerinae Hypoponera Hypoponera jeanneli (Santschi, 1935) forest leaf litter
Ant_260   Ponerinae Hypoponera Hypoponera occidentalis (Bernard, 1953) forest leaf litter
Ant_261   Ponerinae Hypoponera Hypoponera punctatissima (Roger, 1859) open habitat ground
Ant_262   Ponerinae Hypoponera Hypoponera sp. FHG 7 forest leaf litter
Ant_263   Ponerinae Hypoponera Hypoponera sp. FHG 8 open habitat ground
Ant_264   Ponerinae Hypoponera Hypoponera sp. FHG 9 forest leaf litter
Ant_329   Ponerinae Hypoponera Hypoponera sp. FHG 9 open habitat leaf litter, ground
Ant_265   Ponerinae Leptogenys Leptogenys elegans Bolton, 1975 forest vegetation, canopy
Ant_266   Ponerinae Leptogenys Leptogenys sp. FHG 1 open habitat ground
Ant_267 AntWeb Ponerinae Odontomachus Odontomachus assiniensis Emery, 1892 forest leaf litter, ground
Ant_268 AntWeb Ponerinae Odontomachus Odontomachus troglodytes Santschi, 1914 open habitat ground
Ant_269 AntWeb Ponerinae Pachycondyla Pachycondyla ambigua AndrŽ, 1890 forest leaf litter, ground
Ant_270 AntWeb Ponerinae Pachycondyla Pachycondyla analis (Latreille, 1802) open habitat ground
Ant_271 AntWeb Ponerinae Pachycondyla Pachycondyla brunoi Forel, 1913 open habitat ground
Ant_272 AntWeb Ponerinae Pachycondyla Pachycondyla caffraria (Smith, F., 1858) forest leaf litter, ground
Ant_273   Ponerinae Pachycondyla Pachycondyla crassa (Emery, 1877) generalist leaf litter, ground
Ant_274 AntWeb Ponerinae Pachycondyla Pachycondyla pachyderma Emery, 1901 forest leaf litter, ground
Ant_275 AntWeb Ponerinae Pachycondyla Pachycondyla sennaarensis (Mayr, 1862) open habitat ground
Ant_276 AntWeb Ponerinae Pachycondyla Pachycondyla sharpi (Forel, 1901) open habitat ground
Ant_277 AntWeb Ponerinae Pachycondyla Pachycondyla sjostedti (Mayr, 1896) open habitat ground
Ant_278   Ponerinae Pachycondyla Pachycondyla soror (Emery, 1899) forest leaf litter, ground
Ant_283   Ponerinae Pachycondyla Pachycondyla sp. nov (GF 10) open habitat ground
Ant_279 AntWeb Ponerinae Pachycondyla Pachycondyla subiridescens (Wheeler, W.M., 1922) forest leaf litter, ground
Ant_280 AntWeb Ponerinae Pachycondyla Pachycondyla suspecta (Santschi, 1914) open habitat ground
Ant_281 AntWeb Ponerinae Pachycondyla Pachycondyla talpa (AndrŽ, 1890) generalist leaf litter, ground
Ant_282 AntWeb Ponerinae Pachycondyla Pachycondyla tarsata (Fabricius, 1798) open habitat ground
Ant_284 AntWeb Ponerinae Phrynoponera Phrynoponera gabonensis (AndrŽ, 1892) forest leaf litter, ground
Ant_286 AntWeb Ponerinae Platythyrea Platythyrea gracillima Wheeler, W.M., 1922 forest leaf litter, ground
Ant_287 AntWeb Ponerinae Platythyrea Platythyrea modesta Emery, 1899 forest canopy
Ant_288 AntWeb Ponerinae Platythyrea Platythyrea schultzei Forel, 1910 open habitat ground, vegetation
Ant_289 AntWeb Ponerinae Plectroctena Plectroctena subterranea Arnold, 1915 forest leaf litter
Ant_285 AntWeb Ponerinae Psalidomyrmex Psalidomyrmex procerus Emery, 1901 forest leaf litter, ground
Ant_290 AntWeb Proceratiinae Discothyrea Discothyrea mixta Brown, 1958 forest leaf litter
Ant_291   Proceratiinae Discothyrea Discothyrea sp. nov (GF 2) forest leaf litter
Ant_292 AntWeb Proceratiinae Probolomyrmex Probolomyrmex guineensis Taylor, 1965 forest leaf litter
Ant_293   Proceratiinae Proceratium Proceratium sp. FHG 1 n.a. n.a. male only
Ant_330   Proceratiinae Proceratium Proceratium sp. FHG 2 n.a. n.a. male only
Ant_294 AntWeb Pseudomyrmecinae Tetraponera Tetraponera mocquerysi (AndrŽ, 1890) forest canopy
Ant_295 AntWeb Pseudomyrmecinae Tetraponera Tetraponera ophthalmica (Emery, 1912) forest canopy
Ant_296   Pseudomyrmecinae Tetraponera Tetraponera sp. FHG 1 forest canopy
Ant_297   Pseudomyrmecinae Tetraponera Tetraponera sp. FHG 2 forest canopy
 (please check one or more of the entries listed above to see the details)

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Literature sources:
  1. Bolton, B. (1994). Identification Guide to the Ant Genera of the World. Harvard University Press, Cambridge.
  2. Bolton, B., Alpert, G., & P.S. Ward (2005). Bolton's Catalogue of Ants of the World: 1758–2005. Harvard University Press, Cambridge.
  3. Hita Garcia, F., Fischer, G., Peters, M.K., Snelling, R.R., Wägele, J.W. (2009). A preliminary checklist of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Kakamega Forest (Kenya). Journal of East African Natural History, 98(2): 147–165.
  4. Espira, A. (2001). Variations in the Ground Ant Communities of Kakamega Forest, Western Kenya: Potential Indicators of Forest Disturbance. Oxford: University of Oxford.
  5. Shattuck, S.O. (1991). Revision of the dolichoderine ant genus Axinidris Hymenoptera: Formicidae. Systematic Entomology 16: 105–120.
  6. Snelling, R.R. (2007). A review of the arboreal Afrotropical ant genus Axinidris. In R.R. Snelling, B.L. Fisher & P.S. Ward (eds.), Advances in Ant Systematics (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): Homage to E. O. Wilson—50 Years of Contributions. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute, Gainesville. Pp. 551–579.